Recognizing and Avoiding Phishing Scams

What is Phishing
How it Works
Types of Attacks
How to Detect it

What is Phishing?

Phishing attacks attempt to steal a victim’s identity or to obtain access to sensitive data. They can be carried out through various channels, including email, social media, messaging apps, and phone calls.

Attackers often use social engineering tactics to persuade the victim to take a specific action, such as clicking on a link or downloading a file, prompting them to give personal information.

It is important to be vigilant and cautious when receiving unsolicited messages or requests for personal information, and to always verify the authenticity of the sender or website before providing any sensitive information.

How does phishing work?

The attacker sends an email to the victim.

The victim clicks on the email and is taken to the phishing website.

The attacker collects the victim’s credentials.

The attacker uses the
credentials to access
a website.

Types of Phishing Attacks

Spear Phishing

Directed at specific individuals or groups. Attackers use personal information, such as a name or job title, to make the email appear more convincing.

Clone Phishing

This is a type of phishing attack that involves creating a fake copy of a legitimate email or website. The attacker then replaces links or attachments with malicious ones.


This is a type of spear phishing attack that is targeted at high-level executives or other important individuals within an organization.


This is a type of phishing attack that is carried out through SMS or text messages. The attacker may request that the recipient clicks on a link or enters personal information.


A type of attack carried out through voice calls. The attacker may impersonate a legitimate organization, such as a bank or government agency, and request that the recipient provides personal information.


This is an online scam similar to phishing, where a website’s traffic is manipulated, and confidential information is stolen. It is the criminal act of producing a fake website and then redirecting users to it.

How to Detect Phishing

Detecting phishing requires a combination of vigilance and awareness. Common signs of a phishing attempt include suspicious links, requests for personal information, and urgent or threatening language. Ask yourself the following questions when you are about to open a message…


If an email pushes you to take immediate action, approach it with skepticism.

Email Address

Spammers will create email addresses that are similar to legitimate ones, but contain slight variations.


Phishing emails are often characterized by poor spelling and grammar.


If you’re asked for personal information, providing it could put you at risk of identity theft or financial fraud.


Hover your cursor over any links to check the destination before clicking. Don’t click if the domain names is unfamiliar.


If you didn’t expect to receive a file, use caution before opening the attachment.


Solutions to Secure

To safeguard your organization, our products proactively block phishing attacks before they even reach your inbox.

Discuss Phishing Protection
with a Port53 Security Expert

Discuss Phishing Protection with a Port53 Security Expert

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